5 Common skin Problems and How to Treat them?

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Skin Problems


Skin disorders can be a source of anxiety for every woman. Be it a minor problem or a prolonged issue of the skin, we all constantly stress about it. Skin diseases can greatly vary in severity. Some of them may be temporary while others may be permanent.

While some skin diseases occur because of genetics, others may occur due to lifestyle changes or allergies. No matter how tiny the skin problem is, it always causes discomfort as well as irritation. Medications, ointments and changes in lifestyle can improve or entirely cure the skin disease.

Remember that every skin type has flaws and it is okay to have irregularities in your skin tone. Instead of obsessing over it, you can always work towards achieving healthy skin.

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Here are the top 5 skin problems in women and what causes them:


Undoubtedly, acne is one of the most common skin problems that women complain of. From teenagers to mid-aged women, everyone gets terrified at the smallest sign of acne. Pimples, whiteheads, blackheads and cysts all come under the broad spectrum of acne. This is usually the result of overproduction of oil in the skin. 

Also, a mixture of oil, dead skin cells and bacteria can clog the pores of the skin to cause acne. Usually, acne hits an individual in puberty but in some cases, it can occur in the later years of life as well. The good news is that there are several treatments for acne. 

Visit a dermatologist and religiously follow the medications. Do not indulge in online trends that tell you to do weird stuff to your face. With a few lifestyle changes and medications, acne can get cured. 

The treatment time varies for people and depends on the severity of the condition as well. While some may get clear skin in a few weeks, others may take a few months to recover. PCOS is another disease that causes severe acne. It is always better to consult your dermatologist to get your condition examined. 


Popularly known as dermatitis, eczema is yet another common skin problem seen in women. In such skin conditions, the skin becomes itchy, red and irritated. If not treated, it can even get infected which will be a whole new problem. 

This type of condition usually occurs when a child is 5 months to 5-6 years old. As new skin develops, most of the eczema may get eliminated. However, a few people still have some of it left on their skin even when they enter adulthood. While the condition starts with the chin and cheeks, it can even spread throughout the body. 

Also, adults can experience eczema too. If they did not have it in childhood, it is quite normal to get it in later years of life. However, eczema is not contagious and it is curable. One of the key points to remember is to keep the skin hydrated at all times to get rid of eczema. 

Consult your dermatologist immediately as soon as any sign of the disease appears. They can identify the type and severity of eczema and start your medications accordingly. Also, eczema is not contagious and can get cured over a period of time. 


Psoriasis can be a painful and irritating skin disorder. It is usually a cause of an overactive immune system. While the skin is still dry, new skin cells cover this and build up on the surface of the skin. This is why it looks like thick red patches that are sometimes painful to touch as well. 

It appears on the face, elbows, knees or even legs. Moreover, the condition is curable and it can get better with topical creams or oral medication. Oils, gels, ointments, foams and sprays are some effective products recommended by dermatologists that can be helpful for this condition. 

Also, the overactive immune system is not the only cause of this skin disorder. While some causes are still unknown, genetics and environmental factors both play an important role in psoriasis. Emotional stress, skin injuries, medications like beta blockers and frequent changes in temperature may trigger the condition. 

Since there are several types of this skin condition, it is better to consult your dermatologist and get it examined. For medications, factors like the severity of the rash, age and overall health play an important role. Light therapy, retinoids and immune therapy are some alternatives to common psoriasis treatments. 

Fungal and bacterial infections

When the immune system is unable to defeat any one type of fungal microbe, fungal infections start to occur. Viruses, fungus and yeast usually cause skin or nail infections. Inflammation and patchy skin can cause irritation in the skin if left untreated. 

Not only is it painful but its appearance is embarrassing too. Warts and herpes are common outcomes of virus infections. Moreover, bacterial infections must get treated immediately as they can even cause life-threatening situations. Dermatologists can easily diagnose the condition and start the treatment instantly. 

Rapid changes in the skin, peeling of the skin, rashes and cracks are some symptoms of this condition. A few ongoing treatments may also be the cause of fungal infections. To prevent such infections, ensure that you take care of your skin and maintain proper hygiene. 

Keep the skin dry and clean and avoid leaving it damp for long. Personal items like towels and clothes should not be shared. Make sure that you are wearing clean fabrics, especially in the summer that do not stick to your skin. Wash your personal belongings often and be a little careful of what you use on your face. 


Some spots on the skin may get excessively darkened because of the melanin pigment in the skin. Freckles are the cause of the patches of dark pigmentation that occur due to uneven melanin synthesis. 

Melasma can cause the skin to have a brown pigmentation that usually happens on the face. Extreme sun exposure can lead to sunspots. While they are treatable, they are harmless and do not require any medical attention. 

Post-information hyperpigmentation is yet another type of pigmentation that is usually caused by injuries. People with darker skin tones are more prone to pigmentation because of high melanin pigment. If you are on medications that are photosensitive and are exposed to the sun then it can cause skin pigmentation

Furthermore, trauma to the skin can irritate the skin and cause pigmentation. From focal hyperpigmentation to diffuse hyperpigmentation, there are several types of the disease. 

Chemical peels, microdermabrasion, intense pulsed light, laser resurfacing, cryotherapy and topical creams are some treatments that can cure hyperpigmentation. Using sunscreen with SPF 30 or higher and wearing hats and shades to prevent UV rays is a must to avoid pigmentation. Try to avoid direct contact with the sun during day time. 

Skin Disease


Final Words

These were the most common problems that occur in women. Skin diseases can be triggered by a lot of things like lifestyle changes and environmental factors. Do not worry because these diseases are very common and there are several treatments available for them. Take care of your skin, follow a healthy diet and protect it from the sun as much as possible. 

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